Legal Glossary

Abuse

Physical abuse, harassment, intimidation of a dependent, interference with personal liberty, or willful deprivation but does not include reasonable direction of a minor child by a parent.

Adult with Disabilities

An elder adult with disabilities or a high-risk adult with disabilities. A person may be an adult with disabilities even though they have never been adjudicated an incompetent adult.

Bond Reductions

If the defendant is unable to post the bail set by the court, they can request a reduction of the amount.

Elder Adult with Disabilities

An adult prevented by advanced age from taking appropriate action to protect themselves from abuse by a family or household member.

Emergency Order of Protection (EOP)

A court order that protects its petitioner from harm by another person, known as the respondent. The petitioner is a victim of harm, threatened harm, harassment, or other conduct that would qualify under the Illinois Domestic Violence Act. Because of the risk of harm, the law does not require the respondent to know about the hearing.

Felony

A serious crime, usually punishable by a minimum of one year in prison

Misdemeanor

Crimes less severe than felonies, usually punishable by a fine or county jail time

Negligence

Conduct in which falls below the standard of care established by the law. In order to prevail in a negligence action, you must prove:

  • A person has a duty to protect or act at a level of care
  • Breach of that duty by failing to act a certain way
  • Causation-The act or omission of the negligent party that directly relates to or causes the injury
  • The actual harm or damages as a result of the failure to act or omission of the negligent party

Parentage

The process of determining a children’s legal parent

Quashing of a Warrant

Quash means to nullify, void, or declare invalid. A motion to quash is a request that asks the court to render a previous, lower ruling invalid. 

Temporary Restraining Order

A temporary court order intended to put restrictions on the offender to prevent further harm to the petitioner.